The nativity of Jesus concerns the incarnation of Jesus as the second Adam, in fulfillment of the divine will of God, undoing the damage caused by the fall of the first man, Adam.
His conception was a one-time event that was unique in all of history.
The angel told Mary a few things about her soon-to-be-son (The Gospel of Luke):
- He was to be called “Jesus” (1:31);
- He will be great and be called the Son of the Most High (1:32);
- God will give Him the throne of David (1:32);
- There will be no end to His kingdom (1:33);
- He will be called Holy, the Son of God (1:35).
The angel assured Mary these things would surely take place because, “…nothing will be impossible with God” (Luke1:37). Mary and the angel ended their conversation with Mary humbling herself to the will of God.
When Joseph found out that Mary was pregnant, he decided that he should divorce her without any publicity. Joseph was probably very confused about the situation. He believed he was marrying a virgin, and now he discovers that she is pregnant. People would think that Mary had been unfaithful to her spouse already. Joseph could have made a spectacle of Mary by disgracing her publicly in order to preserve his pride. However, Joseph was a better man and decided to divorce Mary quietly.
Jesus was born to a virgin mother in Bethlehem of Judea. The angels proclaim Him a savior for all people, and shepherds come to adore him.
Astronomers followed a star to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus, born the King of the Jews. King Herod orders the massacre of all the boys less than two years old in Bethlehem, but the family flees to Egypt and later settles in Nazareth.